- Moroccan Argan Tree
Human rights organizations and parties in the south of Morocco have warned of the threats to the argan tree, due to the exposure of its forests to pollution and urban expansion, which makes this tree, which is a cultural symbol of the region, is in danger of extinction. In a statement, she also expressed concern about the fate of the argan tree, given the overexploitation and pollution caused by the dumping of waste in its forests.
In addition to these factors – according to experts – a set of environmental factors such as desertification and drought, in addition to its constant exposure to cutting operations due to the distinctive characteristics of argan wood, which is represented by its high temperature when burning and its burning for a long time, which tempts loggers to cut it.
in addition to these factors – according to experts – a set of environmental factors such as desertification and drought, in addition to its constant exposure to cutting operations due to the distinctive characteristics of argan wood, which is represented by its high temperature when burning and its burning for a long time, which tempts loggers to cut it.
human legacy Of argan Tree
The argan tree, which is classified by UNESCO as a “world heritage of humanity”, is a Moroccan tree par excellence, as it only grows in the south of Morocco and some scattered areas in Morocco.
Despite the success of attempts by some countries, such as Israel, to grow them, specialists confirmed that they were unable to produce trees capable of spontaneous reproduction far from their mother environment in southern Morocco.
The head of the coordination formed to mobilize against the dangers threatening the argan tree in the Inezgane region, says that the argan tree is a cultural symbol for the Souss region in southern Morocco.
And he waved a vigil if the voices of those calling for the protection of the Arkan forests did not fall on deaf ears, especially after the correspondence of the Coordination, which was formed from associations and political parties to officials and UNESCO.
Argan Tree a source of livelihood
The disappearance of the argan tree threatens the livelihood of hundreds of families who live off its oil, firewood, and medical and cosmetic extracts. Dozens of cooperatives have been established whose members live on the production and marketing of argan oil at home and abroad.
Among these cooperatives, there is a cooperative that brings together 49 rural women in Agadir, southern Morocco, and specializes in the production and marketing of argan oil in Morocco and France. These women collect the fruits, dry and break them, and then grind them into medicinal oil, or into oil for food consumption, which is then sold for 250 dirhams ($30) per liter.
The head of the cooperative stresses that many families in the region depend on the economic activities associated with the argan tree, which makes the extinction of its forests a threat to their only source of livelihood.
benefits of Argan tree oil
Argan oil has great health benefits, in addition to its many cosmetic uses.
The expert in the field of nutrition confirms that what distinguishes argan oil is its great ability to reduce cholesterol in the body, facilitate digestion, reduce pressure and facilitate the passage of blood through the vessels, and helps children grow and provide their bodies with energy. He stressed the importance of argan oil in cosmetics, as it has been scientifically proven that argan oil is rich in compounds that treat injuries, skin ulcers, and burns resulting from exposure to the sun, as well as reduce the aging of skin cells, and add freshness to the skin.
For his part, the expert in botany said that the moroccan argan tree is classified among the “Qabas trees” because of its limited spread, and is characterized by its ability to resist drought because it has roots up to 30 meters long, and other shallow ones.
The importance of the Moroccan argan tree in preserving the environment, due to its lack of great need for water, and its contribution to preventing soil erosion and desertification, and the remnants of its fruit can be exploited by providing them as fodder for livestock.